When the Second World War commenced on 1 September 1939, the people of Cornwall rallied together in a way that they hadn’t done since the Great War of 1914-18. Young men in their thousands enlisted in the army while older men joined the country’s home defence force, the Home Guard. Women took over the jobs of men and many helped charitable organisations and other worthy causes by joining the Women’s Voluntary Service. The Land Army assisted with agricultural work, a service that was vitally needed within the county. Many RAF bases were set up in Cornwall, which proved essential for the defence of the country and as stopping-off points during bombing raids and other missions. Many evacuees from other parts of the country, including London and nearby Plymouth, were welcomed to the county and were looked after by local families.